The second type of lock-up agreement exists between the shareholders and the company that concludes the IPO. The company that concludes the IPO essentially acquires the shares to be offered to the public to the company and wants assurances that it will not be under-rated by the current shareholders. Even if there is a blocking agreement, investors who are not insiders of the company may be affected as soon as this blocking agreement exceeds the expiry date. When the blockages expire, the company`s insiders will be able to sell their shares. If many insiders and venture capitalists are looking for an exit, this can lead to a dramatic fall in the price due to the huge offer of shares. Similarly, business leaders and some employees may have benefited from stock options as part of their employment contracts. As with VCs, these employees may be tempted to exercise their options and sell their shares, as the company`s IPO price would almost certainly be well above the exercise price of their options. Details of a company`s lockout agreements are always disclosed in prospectus documents for the company concerned. These can be saved either by contact with the company`s investor relations department or through the Securities and Exchanges Commission`s (SEC) Electronic, Analysis, and Retrieval (EDGAR) database. In many cases, locking rules can hinder “free competition” and thus prevent the market from acting naturally by preventing competing bids for the target company. Investors need to know if there is a blocking agreement, as the likelihood of a price crash after the locking contract expires is high. A blackout period usually lasts 180 days or six months, but can last between four months and a year. Since there are generally no federal laws On Markets and Stock Market Supervision (SEC) The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an independent authority of the U.S.
federal government, which is responsible for the implementation of federal securities laws and the proposed securities rules. It is also responsible for maintaining the securities industry and stock exchanges and options for lockout agreements, with the decision on the duration generally made by the insurer.